July 31, 2007
In Audio-Vision, Chion boldy suggests that our senses are separate and disparate, describing synchresis as falsely ‘natural’ and ‘immediate’ and ultimately an illusionary experience. Rather than balancing the argument with talk of synesthesia and it’s associated art works I want to focus on this idea of illusion.
An earlier post on David Lynch provides a wonderful example of Lynch exposing this illusion. In ‘Club Silencio’ Lynch creates a moment of almost reverse synchresis providing an AV experience that feels unnatural, stressing that we cannot help but be affected and fooled by this AV trickery. Lynch provides a similar effect through eerie drones, the lack of recorded sound, or audio and visual effects/distortions, (think the Red Room in Twin Peaks) expossing an inescapable illusion.
This blog post really got me thinking. Lynch is essentially and brilliantly pointing out, that illusion (or fantasy) is inescapable and essential to reality. Enter Lacanian thought/Slavoj Zizek.
In Cyberspace, Zizek writes about the interface and the ‘fantasy screens’ of computing:
- What is a fantasy screen, an “interface”? Sometimes we find it even in nature, as in the case of the Cerknica lake in Slovenia: this intermittent lake (during its seasonal eruption, the water throws fishes into the air) was experienced as a kind of magic screen, a miracle of something emerging out of a void. As early as the seventeenth century, this phenomenon intrigued natural scientists—a Slovene author, Janez Valvasor, became a member of the British Royal Academy for providing an explanation of this mystery (an intricate network of underground channels with different pressures). Perhaps, this is the most elementary definition of a mechanism: a machine which produces an effect in the precise sense of a ‘magical’ effect of sense, of an event which involves a gap between itself as the raw bodily materiality—a mechanism is that which accounts for the emergence of an “illusion.” The crucial point here is that the insight into the mechanism does not destroy the illusion, the “effect,” it even strengthens it insofar as it renders palpable the gap between the bodily causes and their surface-effect.
The illusion of synchresis could be seen in the same light. We may know the mechanics of its illusion, but the illusion is just as, if not more powerful. Lynch’s audiovisual disjunctions reveal a gap between surface effect and reality – could fused AV works through the creation of an illusion mechanism, through simulating an unreal relationship, reveal the same gap?
Zizek’s quote would suggest that the pursuit of audio visual fusion is not the pursuit of the pure and interrupted functioning of fantasy. A constructed AV relationship while an effective illusion could also be seen to render palpable the gap between audio and vision. Perhaps this is it’s lure?
The hard part now. Investigating this creatively…
The Real as the irreducible gap between vision and audio?
Could AV illusion offer us a peak into the impossible Real?
How to investigate the fantasmic aspects of the audio-visual relation?
July 11, 2007
Sound is almost like a drug. It’s so pure that when it goes in your ears, it instantly does something to you. And you can tell if that’s working for you. – David Lynch
David Lynch’s attention to and unique use of audio in his films is well documented. Having read Chion’s Audio-Vision and recently purchasing his book David Lynch I’ve set about to see some of the Lynch films I haven’t seen with a critical ‘ear’. I hired Mulholland Drive and heard/saw a powerful and typically eerie audiovisual moment. In the Club Silencio scene Lynch insists that we notice an obvious audiovisual disjunction:
Many readings of the film decide that Club Silencio marks a portal where Dianne’s fantasies (the first two thirds of the film) end and she returns to her real life. Makes sense I guess. She freaks out, finds the box, opens it up, Betty disappears, Dianne gets sucked into a black void and bang – reality.
Timothy Takemoto’s reading sees the film in a different light, pointing to Zizek’s criticisms of such films and –
Their revelation of a clear and definite reality to which the hero and audience can return. The truth Zizek claims, is more unsettling: there are only layers of fantasy behind which, at best, a “grey fog”.
As Zizek might have, this blog thought that, “The Real of Mulholland Dr is not Diane’s supposedly waking world, but the paradoxically entrancing insomniac realm of Club Silencio.” The Real in a Lacanian sense – Club Silencio as brief glimpse of the traumatic and impossible Real.
The audiovisual illusion in Club Silencio puts the audience through the same audiovisual disruption as Dianne. The truth is spelled out clearly, ‘There is no band. What you will hear are recordings’ but Chion’s audiovisual contract in which the phenomenon of synchresis, ‘the spontaneous and irresistible mental fusion, completely free of any logic, that happens between a sound and a visual when these occur at exactly the same time,’ gives the suited magician type guy an undeniable and definite power. It is impossible again, to void the woman’s ‘singing’ of the emotion held within the song. Betty, Dianne and the viewer cannot resist the seduction of the illusion and when the singer falls, and the music continues, we are all shocked.
Lynch has used a powerful illusion to give Dianne (and the viewer) a glimpse of reality. And what do we learn? Fantasy and illusion is inescapable and essential to reality. Now, what’s this got to do with audiovisual relations?
Chion, who provides the audiovisual theoretical framework for my work, also applied Lacanian psychoanalysis to Hitchcock and Lynch. (I know, a weird co-incidence). When you look at some of Chion’s terms; audiovisual illusion, disparity, projection and contamination, there’s a definite deep, dark, psychoanalytic feel to them. Then we have Lynch, exploiting this illusion with powerful moments of audio-visual disjunction and disruption, and with some Lacanian thought, potentially remarking on the human psyche, and the irresistible seduction of fantasy in constructing the self.
What’s left is a pretty intense and dark approach to audiovisual relations, which potentially has little to do with the pursuit of audiovisual fusion/harmony. Beyond pointing out the phenomenon of synchresis, Chion did not write on the artistic potential of pursuing this ‘irresistible fusion’. He rather approaches the technicalities of film sound, particularly in films like Lynch’s where audiovisual dissonance is used to powerful effect.
We know the audiovisual illusion is a powerful one but is the pursuit of audiovisual fusion, the pursuit of a fantasy? Are the senses as disparate as Chion thinks so?
“Every time I hear sounds, I see pictures. Then, I start getting ideas. It just drives me crazy” –David Lynch